Measuring impacts of climate change adaptation measures at an aggregated level – Development of a method and indicators

IP Wave

Country: Germany

Client: GIZ

Project Duration: 12/2017 - 12/2018

Value of Service: 100,206 €

In the context of the UNFCCC process, Germany confirmed its support and contribution to the global climate agenda. This also includes efforts to adapt to the changing climate. Linkages between climate change adaptation (CCA) and sustainable development are distinctive and evident in all sectors (e.g. agriculture, natural resource management, bio-diversity, water, capacity building). A large share of GIZ’s project portfolio already contributes to the climate agenda either by reducing greenhouse gas emissions or increasing the climate change adaptation capacities. It is in GIZ’s interest to assess and quantify the impacts of measures contributing to the climate agenda. Projects concerned with climate change adaptation can have direct and/or indirect impacts (e.g. improved and climate resilient seed for individual farmers or advisory services for the development of national adaptation plans). Adaptation to climate change takes place within specific and diverse socio-cultural, socio-political and local or regional settings, so measures are equally diverse and may range from building water reservoirs and planting mangroves to improving building standards. The diversity and cross-sectoral nature of climate change adaptation and impacts at different levels hamper accurate monitoring and measuring of impacts. There is no uniform scale to measure adaptation as this is the case for mitiga-tion projects which can be assessed in terms of the reduction in tons of CO2.

Whereas GIZ developed a method to measure the impact of projects contributing to reduce CO2 emission, the described complexity of climate change adaptation measures hampered the development of a robust impacts assessment method for such projects. Hence, the objective of this assignment is to develop a method and indicators which are suitable to quantitatively measure the impact of GIZ’s projects (indirectly or directly) con-cerned with climate change adaptation. The method and indicators need to be suitable to be applied for ongoing and future projects (ex-post and ex-ante) in different sectors. Ul-timately, the assessment of impacts shall lead to quantitative and aggregated results for GIZ’s climate portfolio. These aggregated results shall reflect both, direct and indirect impacts. Such results shall be suitable to provide political decision makers, the international community and civil society with clear evidence of the contribution adaptation measures make to reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.

The project was extended to also contribute to the development of an ex-ante measuring method for Germany’s technical assistance and financial assistance joint climate change portfolio.

Main Services Provided:

The objective of the assignment is to develop a user-friendly and robust method and a set of indicators to measure and quantify the impacts of climate change adaptation projects. This method will be applied to measure the impact of ongoing projects of GIZ’s climate portfolio as well as for the appraisal of future measures.

The activities and products leading to the objective consist of:

  • Review and analyses of existing methods and indicators to measure the im-pact in the field of climate change adaptation
  • Interviewing experts in monitoring and evaluation of climate change adapta-tion
  • Drafts of suitable methods and indicators
  • Instructions for project managers how to apply the indicators to their projects and how to assess the CCA-impacts of their project
  • Testing of developed instructions and indicators
  • Final method, indicators and instructions
  • Support the GIZ wide survey on impact data for developed indicators
  • Verification and quality check of dataset from GIZ wide impact survey
  • Mid-term and Final Report

The project scope was extended to also develop a strategy for (standard) ex-ante indicators and evaluation methods.

Throughout the process of developing the method to measure the impact of climate change adaptation projects at aggregated level, NIRAS-IP closely coordinated with GIZ experts by conference calls and workshops.